Ayurveda - The Mind and Within
By Dr. Partap Chauhan
Mind, or mana, plays an important role in all the aspects of our lives.
"Lakshanam manaso gyansyabhavo bhava aiv cha."
According to Charak Samhita, this means that the appearance and non-appearance of knowledge is the characteristic of mind, which indicates the existence of mind. Even in the presence of soul, senses and objects, knowledge does not appear because the mind is not associated with this combination. When the mind is attached with the soul, senses and objects, then knowledge arises.
Knowledge of various objects at the same time is a symptom of the mind. That is to say, the mind is capable of many senses simultaneously
"Sukhadhyupdabdhi sadhana mindriya manah."
This means that mind is the factor which is responsible for the knowledge of pain and pleasure. Many times, we hear people say their mind is upset, that they feel sad, that they are not stable, and so on. We never hear anybody saying that the body is sad or glad, simply because knowledge is the characteristic of the mind, not the body
"Manasa lakshansm cha sparsharahitve sati kriyavatvam."
That is, although intangible and invisible, the mind is able to work and function. On the basis of above description, it is clear that mind is the cause for the knowledge which arises with the contact of senses and the soul in a sequence. For instance, when the mind is engrossed in something, we become oblivious to the sights and sounds surrounding us, though the sound waves reach our ears.
The soul is the subject of knowledge, and as such depends on the senses (external factors) and the mind (internal factor) for various functions such as feeling, experiencing, retaining, and finally liberation, which is believed to be the ultimate goal of humanity.
This mind is not located all over the body like the soul but is an atom. This is one of the theories that Charak propounded.
"Uddhi indriyabhigrala pravartate."
The mind directs the sense organs. Because of this, senses can work. Only in the presence of the mind, they perform their own actions. So,mind is the regulator of the senses.
Even self-control of the mind can be achieved by the mind itself, not by others. Many mental states have been proposed by the ancients to promote goodness (the sattvic quality of the mind. The most usual, yet effectual, among these states are patience, tolerance, truthfulness, tranquility, positive attitude, non-violence, benevolence, love, gratitude, and bliss. Yogic processes are helpful in exercising control over the mind.
For more information on Ayurveda and it benefits please contact:
Kaviraj Partap S. Chauhan (Cyber Vaidya)
Director, Jiva Ayurvedic Research Institute